Relationship between Capital Structure and Profitability: Dual Banking Perspective
This study looks into the relationship between the capital structure and profitability of Islamic and conventional banks, listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange extracting data for 250 observations between 2006 and 2016 from their financial statements. The paper uses regression analysis to check the proposed relationship. We found a strong correlation between Debt-to-Equity (D/E) ratio and Return on Equity (ROA) in conventional banks while no significant relationship existed in Islamic banks. The findings can be explained in terms of the different deposit mechanisms employed by the two systems i.e. the conventional banking system considers all deposits as liabilities of the banks while on the other hand Islamic banks only write the current accounts as a debt. The Modaraba-based deposit accounts of Islamic banks are considered as equity. This paper contributes theoretically to the current body of Islamic finance literature in Pakistan. On the practical side, the study suggests that Islamic banks can increase their savings deposits as they pose no risk and have equity-like features.