The Effect of High Involvement Work System on Employee Counterproductive Work Behavior: A Mediating Role of Psychological Capital


  • Waqas Mujahid shah PHD scholar, department of commerce and management studies, university of malakand.
  • Sheikh Raheel Manzoor Lecturer, Institute of Business and Management Sciences, Agricultural University Peshawar
  • Muhammad khalil ur Rahman Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Commerce and Management Sciences, University of Malakand



Psychological capital with sub-concepts of hope, efficacy, resilience and optimism (HERO) is organized as a general primary ability that measured the important motivation of human being, thinking process and struggle for success at the workplace. This study focused on the mediating effect of psychological capital in the relationship with high involvement work system and employees’ counterproductive work behaviors. Questionnaires were used to measure the concepts about 200 respondents. The social exchange, leader member exchange and self-determination theories were used to generate the study hypotheses. The hierarchal linear regression model was used to test the study hypotheses. The result of the study clearly demonstrated that the high involvement work system significantly affect employees’ psychological capital and employee’s counterproductive work behaviors. Moreover, result shows that psychological capital significantly mediate in the relationship with high involvement work system and counterproductive work behaviors. Practical implications of the result were presented along with number of limitations and direction for future study.