The Impact of Service Recovery Strategies and Justice Theory upon Customer Satisfaction in Airline Industry of Pakistan.


  • Muhammad Hassan Waheed 2Assistant Professor, Institute of Management Studies, University of Peshawar Pakistan
  • Naimat Ullah Khan Research Scholar, Institute of Management Studies, University of Peshawar Pakistan



Airline,, Customer Satisfaction, Justice Theory, Service Recovery Strategies


With the rapid growth of the services industry in Pakistan which is more than fifty percent of GDP, organizations focus more on their service recovery strategies to keep high the level of customer satisfaction. The basic theme of this research is to judge the customer satisfaction with respect to the elements of Justice Theory (Distributional, Interactional and Procedural Justice) and Service Recovery Strategies, SRS (Apology, Compensation, and Speed). For this purpose, the data is collected with the help of a questionnaire from 115 passengers at Peshawar Airport Pakistan. The results show that all three elements of SRS (Compensation, Speed, and Apology) and two components of Justice Theory (Interactional and Distributive) have a significant positive relationship with customer satisfaction. The only element that has shown insignificant value is procedural justice. The results also indicate that the compensation element of service recovery and interactional justice of Justice Theory have a higher impact on customer after facing a service failure from any Airline company during traveling. The findings suggests that companies should invest more in their front desk employees and should have a recovery strategy that has a major focus on compensation – an element of justice theory – for losses.