Duel Effects of Ostracism at Work with Differing Regulatory Focus of Ostracized Workers: Affective Event Theory Application
The objective of the following paper is to examine the effects of ostracism at work on extra-role behavior, ingratiation and eudaimonia at work by taking mediating effect of sadness as well as moderating effects of employee regulatory focus. This phenomenon was examined through the lens of Affective event theory. The data was collected from 291 public sector employees of Pakistan. Data on variables of interest were collected through time lag and multi-rated survey which was divided into three parts. Data were analyzed through smart PLS software. Results indicated that sadness mediates the relationship between ostracism at work and extra-role behavior and between ostracism and ingratiation at work. The result indicated that promotion focus antagonistically moderate the relationship between sadness and extra-role and prevention focus failed to moderate the relationship between sadness and ingratiation at work. Furthermore, results also indicated that extra-role behavior positively related to eudaimonia and ingratiation at work negatively related to eudaimonia at work.